Laser welding of plastic parts has established itself as a robust, flexible and precise joining process. It enables highly efficient and flexible assembly from a small-scale production of parts with complex geometries to a high volume industrial manufacturing, where it can be easily integrated into automation lines. This process uses a laser beam to melt the plastic in the joint area by delivering a controlled amount of energy to a precise location. This level of precision in controlling the heat input is based on the ease of adjusting the beam size and the range of methods available for precise positioning and moving the beam.
The process is based on the same basic requirements of material compatibility as other plastic welding techniques, but is often found to be more forgiving of resin chemistry and melt temperature differences than most other plastic welding processes. Nearly all thermoplastics can be welded using a proper laser source and appropriate joint design.